Glossary

Welcome to the glossary.

Fermentation

A process that breaks down sugar molecules into carbon dioxide gas and ethyl alcohol. This change is accomplished by a microorganism called yeast, which reproduces itself rapidly in a solution containing sugar.

Fine strainer

A handle and wire mesh implement, resembling a tea strainer, used to ensure that fruit parts or herbs stay in the shaker, rather than in the final mixed drink or cocktail. Often used in tandem with a Hawthorne Strainer or Julep Strainer for ‘double’ straining. Or substitute with a piece of cloth or muslin.

Fizz

A word sometimes used in the name of a drink to indicate the cocktail has been made with a carbonated beverage, such as soda water.

Flamed

To light a drink or citrus peel. In the case of the later, ‘flamed zest’ refers to expressing aromatic oil over a drink above a lighter or flame.

How to flame citrus peel
Take a thumb-sized wedge of peel with no pith, and twist or snap the peel over the glass, above a lighter flame. The lighter will catch the oil of the peel before it hits the drink, sparking the droplets briefly, and adding a subtle, caramelised citrus peel note to the drink.

Flip

A shaken mixture of sherry or another spirit, with a whole egg and sugar. Originally a flip was made with beer and rum and a sweetener, and sometimes heated.

Float

To carefully pour a small amount of liquid over the back of a spoon as the top layer of a drink.

Fortified wines

Wines with alcohol added, such as port, Madeira and sherry.

Frappé

Drink served over snow or crushed ice. Sometimes also referred to as a ‘mist', as in ‘Scotch mist'.

Frappé

Drink served over snow or crushed ice. Sometimes also referred to as a ‘mist’, as in ‘Scotch mist’.

Free pouring

Adding ingredients to a mixed drink without measuring them beforehand.

Frozen cocktails

A cocktail prepared with ice in a blender. Popular frozen cocktails include the Daiquiri and the Piña Colada. Alternatively, try the Parrot Bay ready-to-drink frozen cocktails.

Fruit purée

Fruit broken down to liquid by a food processor.

Fruit purée

Fruit broken down to liquid by a food processor.